Tuesday, 17 September, 2019

Apple and Foxconn broke Chinese labor laws to make the new iPhone

Apple and Foxconn broke Chinese labor law says advocacy group Apple, Foxconn caught breaking Chinese labor laws while making iPhones
Emmett Howard | 12 September, 2019, 07:22

Based on China Labor Watch's estimates the amount that Apple pays for labour on each iPhone is tiny.

Apple has acknowledged that one particular of its supplier's factories in China violated some of its principles on doing work disorders, and says it's seeking to suitable those people infractions. The Chinese labor law grants only 10% of dispatch workers to total up the workforce.

However, U.S. tech giant and iPhone creator Apple said it had looked into the claims made in the report and found "most of the allegations are false". Student workers have been forced to work overtime hours, completing internships at the factory that are unrelated to their degree.

Earlier this year, media reports said Apple was considering moving some operations out of China to avoid new USA tariffs, with Japan's Nikkei Asian Review in June putting the figure at 15% to 30% of production. "There have been periods where workers have one rest day for every 13 days worked or even have only one rest day for a month". This is despite Chinese labor laws saying that workers must not work more than 36 overtime hours per month.

In response, the Taiwanese supplier to Apple said the ups and downs in the number of dispatch workers depended on whether production was in peak or slow season.

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"We did find evidence that the use of dispatch workers and the number of hours of overtime work carried out by employees, which we have confirmed was always voluntary, was not consistent with company guidelines", Foxconn said.

China Labour Watch claimed the companies committed a slew of additional workers rights violations in the factory, all of which both Apple and Foxconn denied in their statements to Bloomberg, the Washington Post, and CNBC. Foxconn Technology Group additionally confirmed the dispatch employee violation following an operational overview. In January, Sixth Tone investigated a Shanghai factory owned by Apple's second-largest iPhone assembler, Pegatron, after dispatch workers began protesting over what they claimed were unpaid bonuses.

Foxconn often brings on temporary workers to help fill orders during the peak production season, but it may have a financial incentive to do so as well, the group suggests.

The office is designated "iPhone City" and is apparently the biggest iPhone processing plant on the planet, providing half of the iPhones sold around the world. "The factories do not take care of the bonus", said the hiring manager, who requested anonymity because he was not authorized to speak with the media. It is unclear whether the matter was resolved, as the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone's publicity office had not responded to Sixth Tone's questions sent by phone and email by time of publication. It said it was working with Foxconn to "immediately resolve the issue".

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