Tuesday, 23 April, 2019

Crisis? What crisis? More coal being burned and more Carbon dioxide being released

Coal plants emitted more than ever in 2018 putting Earth in 'deep trouble.' Coal plants emitted more than ever in 2018 putting Earth in 'deep trouble.'
Sandra Phillips | 29 March, 2019, 18:04

Carbon emissions from fossil-fuel use hit a record a year ago after energy demand grew at its fastest pace in a decade, reflecting higher oil consumption in the USA and more coal burning in China and India.

Renewables increased by 4 percent, accounting for nearly one-quarter of global energy demand growth. It also means emissions have risen in each of the first two full years since the signing of the Paris climate agreement, leaving the world far short of the 26% to 28% cut in emissions targeted by 2025.

To make matters even worse, improvements in energy efficiency have declined to an insignificant level past year.

STRONG ECONOMY DRIVING ENERGY DEMAND The increased consumption was largely driven by economic growth and weather conditions.

Coal use rose 0.7 per cent previous year, with higher demand for coal coming from Asian countries, including China and India. Still, solar, wind, and other renewable energy sources covered 25 percent of primary energy demand past year. CO2 from coal combustion was responsible for over 0.3°C of the 1°C increase in average annual surface temperatures around the world, above pre-industrial levels.

That gain was driven by a basket of factors, mainly robust economic growth, with rising demand in China, the US, and India accounting for almost 70% of the jump. A whopping 85% of total emissions came from China, India and US.

The U.S. boosted oil use by 540,000 barrels a day, a fifth more than China even though the Asian nation has four times the population and is moving toward a less oil-intensive model in order to improve its urban air quality, the IEA said.

The report also showed that electricity continues on its course to becoming the dominant "fuel" of the future, with global electricity demand growing by 4% in 2018 to more than 23,000 terawatt-hours (TWh), pushing electricity towards a 20% share of total final consumption of energy and accounting for half of the growth in primary energy demand in 2018.

Goods and Services Trade Deficit Declines in Jan as Agricultural Exports Rise
Along with a possible front-loading of imports by USA companies, an economic slowdown also seems to be driving a lower deficit. Additionally, given the results, the Atlanta Federal Reserve raised its estimate of first-quarter GDP to 1.5 percent.

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China has in the past pressed countries to arrest and deport its citizens it accuses of crimes, from corruption to terrorism. Soon enough, Interpol said that it had received Meng's resignation as the head of the global policing organization.

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At the 2016 national election, for example, One Nation called for security cameras to be placed in all Australian mosques . Via Twitter, Senator Hanson broke her silence this afternoon, saying she was "disgusted" by the news publication's piece.

New construction projects over the same period fell even more quickly, by 39 and 84 percent, respectively.

Renewables were a major contributor to this power generation expansion, accounting for about half of electricity demand growth.

Global output of greenhouse gases from energy-related sources rose to a record as energy demand jumped at its fastest pace in a decade.

"The growth in fossils is still greater than all the increases in renewables", Jackson said, adding that few countries are living up to the pledges they made as part of the Paris climate accord. "If we are to avoid climate chaos, we have to do much more".

As a result of higher energy consumption, global energy-related Carbon dioxide emissions increased to 33.1 gigatonnes of Carbon dioxide, up by 1.7 percent on an annual basis, the report said. China, the United States and India accounted for almost 70 percent of the total, with the USA seeing the biggest crude and gas demand increase. In China, electricity demand increased by 8.5%, a notable uptick compared with recent years.

"The global average annual concentration of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere averaged 407.4 ppm in 2018, up 2.4 ppm since 2017". Germany, Japan, Mexico, France and the United Kingdom all saw declining output.

There were some positives in the report for climate hawks, said Nathan Hultman, director of the University of Maryland's Center for Global Sustainability in College Park and a former Obama administration official.

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