What is antimicrobial resistance and how can it be tackled?
What is antimicrobial resistance and how can it be tackled?
Image source World Economic Forum Sikarin Fon Thanachaiary
27 January, 2019, 10:26
It aims to cut the number of drug-resistant infections by 10 percent by 2025; reduce the use of antibiotics in humans by 15 percent; and prevent at least 15,000 patients from contracting infections as a result of their healthcare each year by 2024.
- What does the Government say?
Resistant infections contribute to the deaths of about 2,000 people each year in the United Kingdom, with at least 20% of antibiotics in primary care inappropriately prescribed, according to official figures. But the number of drug-resistant bloodstream infections have increased by 35% from 2013 to 2017.
Under a new NHS strategy, drug companies will also be paid millions to develop antibiotics that will be rarely used, to combat deadly superbugs that have grown resistant to existing drugs.
Under the plans, the inappropriate use of antibiotics would also be cut by 15%, reducing resistant infections and potentially saving thousands of lives in the UK.
The intention to test a new payment model for antibiotics also suggests the government desire to promote research and development of new antibiotics. At the same time, it discourages the companies from developing new antibiotics, because any new drug would likely be kept in reserve as long current antibiotics remain effective.
All of Kylie Jenner's New Vacation Pics With Stormi Kylie Jenner appears to be paying homage to her sister Kim Kardashian West 's longtime nemesis, Taylor Swift . Kim Kardashian also recently squashed the Swift feud and many are wondering if Jenner is secretly a Swiftie.
But antibiotics are easily available over the counter in many low- and middle-income countries, which means "unregulated medicines are still available in places such as street markets, with no limits on how they are used", it said.
Dr Chris Doherty, managing director of Alderley Park in Cheshire, the UK's largest single site bio campus, which features a number of businesses working on new antibiotics and diagnostics, said: "It's very welcome news that the market failure in antibiotic drug development is being addressed by the new government strategy".
Under the new model, Hancock explained, the NHS will experiment with buying an antibiotic "service" from drug companies, paying them up-front for access to effective antibiotics.
"We must do everything in our power to ensure we don't return to this".
Now the United Kingdom government pays drug companies according to the volume of NHS sales, but the report argues that this system disincentivises antibiotic research and development and encourages industry to over-market products, which in turn damages AMR stewardship. According to a recent analysis by the Pew Charitable Trusts, only 11 antibiotics that target the most serious antibiotic-resistant pathogens are now in clinical trials.
At the same time, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) confirmed previous year that more than 90,000 people in Britain could die over the next three decades unless action is taken to halt the rise in antibiotic-resistant superbug infections. And because of the economic challenges, many drug makers have been abandoning their antibiotic research programs. Furthermore, he added, they show the potential the industry has to be a future world leader in responsible use of antibiotics.
This will be backed by improved stewardship to minimise the chances of resistant strains emerging.
The 30-year-old Spaniard was finally starting to look tired , which was no surprise given his run through to the last eight. She takes on Kvitova, who delivered a convincing 6-1, 6-4 win over Australia's Ash Barty and destroyed local hopes.
JEREMY Corbyn has seen his reputation take a nosedive with voters thanks to his shambolic Brexit policy, it emerged today. Boris Johnson has hinted he might be prepared to reconsider Theresa May's Brexit deal - if enough changes are made.
In 2014 before the referendum on Scottish independence she has asked the Scots to "think carefully about their future". He added: "It's constitutionally impeccable as she always is, because her intervention is behavioural not political".
Salmonella can be potentially fatal if contracted by the elderly, very young, or by those with weakened immune systems. So far no illnesses have been reported and the possible contamination was discovered through routine sampling.
The satellites will be carried by a new variant of India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket. The indigenous lithium-ion technology is crucial to keep the fourth stage live for re-use, he said.
Police confirm a nurse has been arrested amid the widely-followed Hacienda Healthcare sexual assault investigation. It also prompted authorities to test the DNA of all the men who worked at the Hacienda HealthCare facility.
Venezuelan Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza accused the United States of attempting to orchestrate a "shameless, obvious" coup. Britain, Germany, France, and Spain all said they would recognize Guaido unless fresh elections were announced.
They were reportedly captured in 2005, just months after Hurricane Katrina ransacked New Orleans, causing almost 2,000 deaths. The controversy has sparked some hefty social media reactions and smoke for Florida Governor Ron DeSantis .
Meghan Markle is now being accused of faking her pregnancy
Ms Borrallo trained at the prestigious Norland College which has been producing childminders for the rich and famous since 1892. They had hired Maria Borrallo to be the nanny in 2014, and since then, she has been their kids' nanny.
US stocks end mixed amid trade, shutdown stalemates
Nine of the 11 primary S&P sectors extended gains, with the consumer staples sector up more than 1 percent, leading the winners. Declining issues outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by a 1.17-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.20-to-1 ratio favored decliners.
Honda previews close-to-production Urban EV prototype
However, the Urban EV is part of Honda's electric vehicle offensive, and it's being developed with an electric powertrain in mind. Now, Honda recently announced that they will be showing a prototype version of the concept at this year's Geneva Motor Show .
PG&E Surges 75% After Utility Cleared in Deadly Tubbs Fire
PG&E has said it plans to file for bankruptcy at the end of the month as it faces billions of dollars in wildfire survivor claims. Tubbs, which swept through Northern California in October 2017, eventually destroyed thousands of homes and killed 22 people.
Lions LB Trevor Bates Arrested For Punching Police Officer
He will be charged with second-degree assault, obstructing governmental administration, theft of services and resisting arrest. That's when Bates refused to comply with police and a sergeant at the 115th Precinct was brought in to calm the suspect down.
Extreme cold warning in effect for Wawa and area
One to four inches of snow was expected but would likely drift in some areas due to the strong winds. The high temperature for Friday should be 10 degrees, with a high Saturday around 15 degrees.