Climate change negotiators agree on Paris Agreement rule book
Climate change negotiators agree on Paris Agreement rule book
COP24: Nations agree on global climate pact rules after impasse
18 December, 2018, 15:31
After two weeks of bruising negotiations, officials from nearly 200 countries now agree on universal, transparent rules that will govern efforts to cut emissions and curb global warming.
The talks finally ended with the 133-page Paris rulebook being unanimously adopted in the Polish city of Katowice.
Ministers must agree on a common rule book to make good on promises made by countries in the landmark 2015 Paris accord, which vowed to limit global temperature rises to below two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
"Putting together the Paris agreement work programme is a big responsibility", said COP24 president Michal Kurtyka as he gavelled through the manual following talks in Poland that ran deep into overtime. The same will be done at the worldwide level.
"This was not an easy task".
'And ambition must guide all member states as they prepare their for 2020 to reverse the present trend in which climate change is still running faster than us'.
Nations pressing for urgent action also sought language in the final "COP decisions" that would highlight the need to boost financing beyond climate-specific sectors such as development of renewables or efficiency improvements in buildings.
"Many concerns expressed by the developing countries are not there".
Hours ahead of the United Nations climate talks are set to end here, diplomats from across the world Friday came up with a "weak" draft text on a rulebook for the full implementation of the Paris Agreement post-2020, even as key issues like finance remain unresolved.
Delegates worked beyond Friday's scheduled end to the conference to approve a rulebook for implementing and financing the 2015 Paris agreement.
Brazil had been involved in major stand-off with the developed countries on a few provisions of the new market mechanism to be created for trading of carbon emissions.
She said: "A year of climate disasters and dire warning from the world's top scientists should have led to so much more".
And a recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, concluded that while it is possible to cap global warming at 1.5C by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial times, this would require a dramatic overhaul of the global economy, including a shift away from fossil fuels. Instead, the final statement merely welcomes the "timely completion" of the IPCC report and shuns a stance on its conclusions. The decisions were "1,000 small steps forward".
"We need to avoid straying from the principles and spirit of the Paris Agreement".
Limited progress was also made with regard to how financial support for poorer countries coping with devastating climate impact will be provided and accounted for, says another climate negotiator.
Kurtyka, president of the COP24, told Xinhua in an interview that China has been playing a "fundamental role" in pushing for a concrete outcome.
"Ministers are still in bilateral talks because of Brazil's position", a negotiator said.
"Developing countries are not comfortable at this stage of the negotiations", he added.
The U.N is hosting a special follow-up climate meeting next September.
A report from the Global Carbon Project revealed last week that greenhouse-gas emissions in 2018 were projected to rise by at least 2 per cent.
"What we've seen in Poland reveals a fundamental lack of understanding of our current crisis", said Mr Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, leader of WWF's Climate and Energy Practice.
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