Tuesday, 20 November, 2018

Sniffer dogs could detect malaria in people

Springer Spaniel Freya who has been trained to detect malaria Image The dogs identified 70% of the socks worn by malaria-positive children
Anna Jefferson | 01 November, 2018, 20:30

Dogs can be trained to sniff out certain cancers, people at risk of a diabetic coma and now, children with malaria just by smelling their socks, researchers said Monday.

New research shows that dogs can be trained to detect the malaria parasite in infected individuals using their keen sense of smell.

Malaria is caused by a pest (Plasmodium falciparum) in the blood, which is transmitted through the stinging of infected mosquitoes.

The World Health Organisation said since 2000 six countries have been certified malaria free, with another 12 countries reporting that no malaria cases have originated within their borders.

According to the last global report on the disease, cases had increased by five million to a new total of 216 million cases a year.

A team led by James Logan, head of the Department of Disease Control at the London tropical medicine school, previously demonstrated that socks worn by infected children were more alluring to the little bloodsuckers, likely because the garments' odors contained more chemicals called aldehydes.

Our results show that...

In a pilot study led by Steven Lindsay, a public health entomologist at Durham University in the United Kingdom, almost 600 Gambian school children between the ages of 5 and 13 were tested for malaria and fitted with a pair of socks.

If the dogs could not detect the malaria parasites they moved onto the next one.

Dogs can be trained to do malaria diagnosis, which can be exploited in the future to contain the spread of the disease, according to British scientists. By flagging suspected travelers, these sniffer dogs could prevent malaria from spreading between countries and help infected people get earlier treatment.

Russia's aircraft carrier is damaged in upgrade accident
On October 29, Murmansk experienced electrical supply interruptions when snow and ice damaged power lines, the report stated. Network users list "achievements" and "track record" of the ship, which is associated with many accidents.

Frank Lampard left frustrated on Stamford Bridge return
I'm not sure today, maybe tomorrow he is going to join us in training.' The Chelsea official website quotes us as saying. Lampard admitted an afternoon nap - a routine retained from his playing days - had proven hard on a surreal day.

Turkish-US Patrols of Syria's Manbij May Start 'Today or Tomorrow'
Last week, IS jihadists staged a counterattack following a weeks-long SDF offensive in the countryside around Hajin. Manbij has been a major sticking point in the strained relations between the USA and Turkey.

The new project, presented this week at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Annual Meeting, has shown how dogs can be trained to sniff out the scent of malaria.

The Durham University researchers hope the non-invasive test could be used to quickly diagnose and treat patients.

The work was done with the charity Medical Detection Dogs.

Scientists found trained sniffer dogs were up to 70 per cent accurate in detecting the deadly disease. Current diagnostic methods are also time-consuming because they require blood samples to be taken and sent off to a laboratory for testing. The sample size of 175 pairs of socks is smaller than Medical Detection Dogs would have liked, says Claire Guest, cofounder and chief executive officer of the nonprofit.

She added: "This is the first time we have trained dogs to detect a parasite infection and we are delighted by these early results".

They have trained dogs to recognise tell-tale aromas using clothes from people infected with the disease.

"New approaches to facilitate the identification of infected individuals to be treated would help enormously in addressing the human reservoir of infection and possibly reduce malaria transmission". Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. It costs a lot to produce.

And if not sniffer dogs, then maybe an electronic "nose" could be used.

Dogs can help professionals to identify malaria.

Every penny we collect from donations supports vital investigative and independent journalism.

Recommended

Trump now says he's ready to send 15000 troops to southern border Trump now says he's ready to send 15000 troops to southern border Terrence O'Shaughnessy was asked by reporters what the objective was of sending the troops. In a related press conference, the head of US Northern Command Gen.

Facebook Misses Q3 Sales Estimates, But Users Continue To Grow (NASDAQ:FB) Facebook Misses Q3 Sales Estimates, But Users Continue To Grow (NASDAQ:FB) Watch , IGTV, and Stories are all part of Facebook's plan to keep users engaged on its platforms - and engaging with ads. Facebook saw 1.49 billion daily active users in the quarter, which was below analyst expectations of 1.51 billion users.

European Union criticises Austria for not signing United Nations global migration pact European Union  criticises Austria for not signing United Nations  global migration pact The Austrian government is due to make a cabinet decision on the treaty today, APA added. A human right for migration is not envisaged in the Austrian legal system.

Super Smash Bros. Ultimate Announces New "Spirits" Mode Super Smash Bros. Ultimate Announces New People who purchase the pass will receive a Mii Fighter costume of Xenoblade Chronicles 2's Rex, which will launch on December 7. Kirby must face off against evil clones of the characters and liberate them one by one, making them playable in the mode.

'Red Dead Redemption 2' Players React to KKK Run 'Red Dead Redemption 2' Players React to KKK Run It has a Metacritic score of 97, which makes it one of the most critically-acclaimed games of this generation. Rockstar plans to launch Red Dead Online in November as a public beta.

Reese's installing 'candy-replacing' vending machine that swaps out bad Halloween treats Reese's installing 'candy-replacing' vending machine that swaps out bad Halloween treats The machine will only be available in New York City for five hours on Halloween night. Swap out your unwanted candy for a Reese's with their candy converter.

Russell Westbrook, Patrick Beverley rekindle fued Russell Westbrook, Patrick Beverley rekindle fued The Thunder outscored the Clippers 39-10 in the third quarter, and Westbrook and Beverley provided the only drama in the fourth. This time, though, things got so heated, police actually had to enter the court to stop the two from brawling.

Chelsea coach Marco Ianni fined £6,000 over José Mourinho fracas Chelsea coach Marco Ianni fined £6,000 over José Mourinho fracas Jose Mourinho's charge for alleged abusive language in Manchester United's win over Newcastle has been dropped, the FA has confirmed.

China permits limited trade of rhino, tiger goods China permits limited trade of rhino, tiger goods More than 6,000 tigers were estimated to be living on Chinese farms as of 2010, up from 600 in 2002, WWF policy director Leigh Henry said .

Penn State defeats Iowa in the rain Penn State defeats Iowa in the rain Quarterback Nate Stanley looked nothing like the signal caller who tossed 10 touchdowns over a two-game span just a few weeks ago. Iowa's run defense held Penn State to fewer than 100 yards, the sixth time the Hawkeyes have done so this season.

Humans driving major decline of global wildlife populations, new study finds Humans driving major decline of global wildlife populations, new study finds A 190 per cent rise in ecological footprint or consumption of natural resources was recorded in the past 50 years. He added that Pakistan is no different; we are losing our unique habitats and our wildlife at an alarming rate.

WikiLeaks founder Assange's lawsuit over asylum conditions denied by Ecuador WikiLeaks founder Assange's lawsuit over asylum conditions denied by Ecuador Assange claimed further that Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno had already made the decision to terminate support for Assange. Mr Assange took refuge in the embassy in 2012 as he tried to avoid extradition to Sweden, where he faced rape allegations.

Twitter is reportedly removing the 'like' button Twitter is reportedly removing the 'like' button Dorsey previously announced Twitter was partnering with outside firms to assess the "health of public conversation" on the site. On the contrary, psychologists suggest that the "appreciating" buttons are one of the major causes of social media addiction .

Google Doodle celebrates Halloween with multiplayer game Google Doodle celebrates Halloween with multiplayer game Tuesday's Google Doodle celebrates Halloween with a multiplayer interactive game - the first in Google Doodle history. As you collect more wandering spirit flames, which will be blue, they will start to form a chain behind you.

Hundreds gather for interfaith rally as Pittsburgh victims are buried Hundreds gather for interfaith rally as Pittsburgh victims are buried "Saturday's violence was a direct culmination of your influence", said one organiser, reading from an open letter sent to Trump . President Donald Trump's rhetoric, which critics say has contributed to a surge in white-nationalist and neo-Nazi activity.