Tuesday, 25 September, 2018

N.Korea, Eritrea have highest rates of modern slavery

Conflict and breakdown in law and order drive scourge of modern slavery North Korea, Eritrea have highest rates of modern slavery
Patty Aguilar | 22 July, 2018, 01:28

Though listing sex trafficking and forced marriage as forms of modern slavery in the larger report, the Global Index "did not seek to examine the situation of North Korean women who have been forced to marry in China", the report said.

"The presence of state-imposed forced labor undermines at best, and at worst renders meaningless, any government response to modern slavery", according to the report, which notes North Korea has shown the weakest response both at home and overseas.

India was found to be home to the largest total number of slaves, with an estimated eight million among its 1.3 billion population.

North Korea and Eritrea have the world's highest rates of modern slavery, said a global survey yesterday that highlighted how conflict and government repression are the main drivers of a crime estimated to affect more than 40 million people worldwide.

More promisingly, the US was also revealed to have the second-highest Government Response Index score (behind the Netherlands) in tackling the issue, having implemented key components to responding to some forms of modern slavery with victim support services, a strong criminal justice response, and evidence of a coordinated collaboration and protections in place for vulnerable populations. There is no equivalent government figure for the US.

Two years ago, the index showed 18.3 million people living in modern slavery in India.

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The report defines modern slavery as slavery itself, as well as human trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, and the sale and exploitation of children. For example, modern slavery in developing nations puts jobs at risk in the United States and Western Europe because domestic goods compete against imports produced through "exploitation of the worst kind", Forrest told The Associated Press. He wants to do right by them, and we got along really well.

As a result, the slavery estimates for other countries, including Australia, France, the Netherlands and other European nations, have increased.

For example, the report lists the USA as a world leader in addressing forced labor in supply chains and the United Kingdom also requires business to report on the measures they are taking to tackle forced labor in their supply chains. The difference is due to changes in methodology, Walk Free said, reflecting ways of counting people enslaved on any given day or over a longer time period.

The rogue nuclear nation led by Kim Jong Un has the highest prevalence of state-imposed forced labour, according to the modern slavery index released by the Walk Free Foundation.

The Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Mauritania and South Sudan are also on the list, with Pakistan, Cambodia and Iran rounding out the top 10.

The Global Slavery Index, published on Thursday by the Walk Free Foundation, describes modern slavery as a complex and often hidden crime that crosses borders, sectors and jurisdictions.

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