Saturday, 19 October, 2019

FDA planning to lower nicotine in cigarettes

FDA moves to lower nicotine in cigarettes FDA planning to lower nicotine in cigarettes
Anna Jefferson | 15 March, 2018, 20:52

While the agency hasn't decided how much it will slash nicotine levels, or when the regulation goes into effect, the goal is clear - make cigarettes less addictive.

Lowering nicotine levels would be its toughest move yet against Big Tobacco, which was recently forced to admit in ads that they made cigarettes more addictive.

Health experts have always been educating people about electronic cigarette that it is not just a secure alternative for the older tobacco cigarettes, but also a significant approach helping existing smokers quit smoking.

The agency is asking for public comment on several aspects of the issue.

The 2009 Tobacco Control Act gave FDA power to regulate tobacco, though not to ban it.

"As this process gets underway, we look forward to working with FDA on its science-based review of nicotine levels in cigarettes and to build on the opportunity of establishing a regulatory framework that is based on tobacco harm reduction and recognizes the continuum of risk", said Dr. James Figlar, executive vice president of research and development for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.

However - and perhaps more alarming - the model estimated that, at the same time, an additional 168,000 adolescents and young adults who had never smoked cigarettes began smoking and eventually became daily cigarette smokers after first using e-cigarettes. "This is truly a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to greatly accelerate progress in reducing tobacco use - the nation's No. 1 cause of preventable death - and bring us closer to eliminating the death and disease it causes". Smoking is already at an all-time low in the United States, with only 15 percent of adults lighting up.

The FDA is accepting public comments on the proposal.

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The FDA will continue to take enforcement actions against companies that inappropriately target children, including through the promotion of e-cigarettes, Gottlieb said.

A new Japanese study suggests that smoking increases the risk of hearing loss, in what the researchers believe is the largest to date investigating the link between tobacco and a decline in hearing.

The FDA is considering a number of key questions about implementing the proposal.

But whether there is such thing as a "non-addictive" level of nicotine is not so clear-cut. Should a new standard be implemented all at once or gradually?

And the more people smoked, the greater their risk of both high- and low-frequency hearing loss.

"The notice is part of a very long, iterative process of information gathering for the FDA - not really a forum that would necessarily change the debate on anything", Wells Fargo Securities analyst Bonnie Herzog said.

The participants were followed up for a maximum of eight years.

Michael Bloomberg, the majority owner of Bloomberg LP, parent of Bloomberg News, provides philanthropic support to anti-smoking campaigns and other health initiatives.

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